According to the main conclusion of an epidemiological analysis carried out by EFSA in cooperation with countries affected by lumpy skin disease, the mass vaccination of cattle implemented in south-eastern Europe successfully contained the outbreaks of the disease in the region in 2015-16.
The report follows EFSA’s scientific advice published in August 2016, recommending vaccination to minimise the number of lumpy skin disease outbreaks in regions already affected or at risk.
Experts made recommendations on how to improve data collection and analysis. They also recommended laboratory confirmation of suspected cases in vaccinated animals to differentiate the strains.
Lumpy skin disease is an infectious disease of cattle, which causes economic losses and occasionally is fatal. Closeness to affected farms and warm temperatures resulting in a higher presence of the insects that transmit the disease are among the factors responsible for the spread of the disease.
In 2016, the disease was detected in seven European countries – Greece, Bulgaria, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Albania, Montenegro and Kosovo.